Resources

Adjuvant treatment

A treatment that is given in addition to the primary treatment to enhance its effectiveness and reduce the chance of the tumor recurring.

Applicator

A device used to hold a radioactive source in place during brachytherapy.

Beam films

Another term for port films, beam films are pictures of the position of the radiation beams used to treat cancer. They are used to verify the position of the beams and confirm that treatment is delivered to the right place.

Blocks

Pieces of metal alloy that can be used to shape the radiation beam.

Boost

An additional dose of radiation that is given after an initial course of radiation to enhance tumor control. A boost may be given to the tumor and areas to which the tumor may have spread.

Brachytherapy

Internal radiation therapy that involves placing radioactive sources inside or adjacent to the tumor

Cancer

A group of diseases in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably, forming a tumor or mass

Catheter

A tube inserted into the body that can be used to deliver radiation during brachytherapy.

Clinical trials

Studies that test new cancer therapies

CT or CAT scan

A computer assisted tomography scan is an X-ray procedure that uses a computer to produce detailed pictures of the body

High-dose-rate remote afterloading machine

A medical device that allows radiation to be delivered into a patient’s body through catheters during brachytherapy

Hyperfractionated radiation therapy

A type of radiation therapy in which the radiation doses are divided into smaller amounts (hyperfractionation) and patients undergo radiation treatment more than once a day.

Immobilization device

A device that is used to help a patient remain in the same position during every treatment.

Implants

Another term for brachytherapy, internal radiation therapy involves placing radioactive sources inside the patient close to or in the tumor

Intensity modulated radiation therapy or IMRT

IMRT is a specialized form of external beam therapy that allows radiation to be shaped to fit your tumor.

Interstitial brachytherapy

A form of seed implant where the radioactive sources are placed directly into the tumor, such as the prostate.

Intracavity brachytherapy

A type of brachytherapy where the radioactive seeds are put into a space where the tumor is located, such as the cervix or windpipe.

Linear accelerator

The most common type of machine used to deliver external radiation therapy. Sometimes called a “linac.”

Metastases

Cancer that has spread from one part of the body to another, such as from the breast to the lymph nodes or bones.

Monoclonal antibody

A type of antibody that is created in the laboratory.

MR or MRI scan

A magnetic resonance imaging scan is a procedure that uses a magnetic field to create detailed pictures of the body.

Multileaf collimator or MLC

A part of a linear accelerator that is used to shape the radiation beam.

Neutron beam therapy

A specialized type of external beam radiation therapy similar to proton therapy.

Palliative care/palliation

Treatment that is intended to relieve symptoms, but not cure disease.

PET scan

A positron emission tomography scan uses a small dose of a chemical called a radionuclide combined with a sugar, which is injected into the patient. The radionuclide emits positrons. The PET scanner detects the positron emissions given off by the radionuclide.

Proton beam therapy

An external beam therapy that uses protons rather than X-rays to treat tumors.

Radiation oncologist

A doctor who specializes in treating cancer and other diseases with radiation therapy.

Radiation oncology

The medical specialty that deals with treating cancer and other diseases with radiation

Radiation therapy

The careful use of various forms of radiation to treat cancer and other diseases.

Radioimmunotherapy

The use of radiolabeled antibodies to deliver radiation directly to a tumor

Radiolabeled antibodies

Monoclonal antibodies (antibodies produced in a laboratory) that have had a radioactive isotope attached to them in a process called radiolabeling

Radioprotector

A type of drug that protects normal tissues in the area being treated

Radioresistant

A term used to describe a tumor that does not respond well to radiation therapy.

Radiosensitize

A type of drug that can make a tumor respond better to radiation therapy.

Simulation

The process of planning radiation therapy to allow the radiation to be delivered to the intended location.

Systemic radiation therapy

The use of radioactive isotopes that can travel throughout the body to treat certain cancers.

Treatment plan

A radiation oncologist’s prescription describing how a patient should be treated with radiation therapy. The radiation oncology team uses sophisticated treatment planning software to maximize radiation to the tumor while sparing healthy tissue.

Tumor

An abnormal lump or mass of tissue.

American Cancer Society 1-800-ACS-2345 http://www.cancer.org

American Lung Association 1-800-LUNG-USA http://www.lungusa.org

American Society for Therapeutic Radiology & Oncology 1-800-962-7876 http://www.astro.org

Brain Tumor Society 1-800-770-TBTS http://www.tbts.org

Brain Tumor Foundation 212-265-2401 www.braintumorfoundation.org

Candlelighters Childhood Cancer Foundation 1-800-366-2223 http://www.candlelighters.org

Leukemia and Lymphoma Society 1-800-955-4572 www.lls.org

Lung Cancer Alliance 1-800-298-2436 http://www.lungcanceralliance.org

Lymphoma Research Foundation 1-800-500-9976 www.lymphoma.org

Malecare (830) 990-4800 http://www.malecare.org

Melanoma Research Foundation 1-800-673-1290 www.melanoma.org

National Cancer Institute 1-800-422-6237 http://www.cancer.gov

National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship 301-650-9127 http://www.canceradvocacy.org

National Prostate Cancer Coalition 202-463-9455 http://www.pcacoalition.org

Oral Cancer Foundation 949-646-8000 http://www.oralcancerfoundation.org

Ovarian Cancer National Alliance 202-331-1332 https://ocrahope.org/

People Living with Cancer 703-797-1914 http://www.peoplelivingwithcancer.org

Prostate Cancer Foundation 1-800-757-CURE http://www.prostatecancerfoundation.org

Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer 972-855-1600 http://www.komen.org

Thyroid Cancer Survivors' Association 1-877-588-7904 www.thyca.org

Wellness Community (830) 990-4800 https://www.cancersupportcommunity.org/

Us TOO! Prostate Cancer Education and Support 630-795-1002 http://www.ustoo.org/

Y-ME National Breast Cancer Organization 312-986-8338 http://www.y-me.org

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Centers for Cancer Care

Friendship Lane

753 S Washington St
Fredericksburg, Texas 78028

P: (830) 990-4800

F: (830) 990-4806

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Centers for Cancer Care

Clear Springs

1195 Garner Field Road, Suite 100
Uvalde, Texas 78801

P: (830) 278-6200

F: (830) 278-6202