A treatment that is given in addition to the primary treatment to enhance its effectiveness and reduce the chance of the tumor recurring.
A device used to hold a radioactive source in place during brachytherapy.
Another term for port films, beam films are pictures of the position of the radiation beams used to treat cancer. They are used to verify the position of the beams and confirm that treatment is delivered to the right place.
Pieces of metal alloy that can be used to shape the radiation beam.
An additional dose of radiation that is given after an initial course of radiation to enhance tumor control. A boost may be given to the tumor and areas to which the tumor may have spread.
Internal radiation therapy that involves placing radioactive sources inside or adjacent to the tumor
A group of diseases in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably, forming a tumor or mass
A tube inserted into the body that can be used to deliver radiation during brachytherapy.
Studies that test new cancer therapies
CT or CAT scan
A computer assisted tomography scan is an X-ray procedure that uses a computer to produce detailed pictures of the body
High-dose-rate remote afterloading machine
A medical device that allows radiation to be delivered into a patient’s body through catheters during brachytherapy
Hyperfractionated radiation therapy
A type of radiation therapy in which the radiation doses are divided into smaller amounts (hyperfractionation) and patients undergo radiation treatment more than once a day.
A device that is used to help a patient remain in the same position during every treatment.
Another term for brachytherapy, internal radiation therapy involves placing radioactive sources inside the patient close to or in the tumor
Intensity modulated radiation therapy or IMRT
IMRT is a specialized form of external beam therapy that allows radiation to be shaped to fit your tumor.
A form of seed implant where the radioactive sources are placed directly into the tumor, such as the prostate.
A type of brachytherapy where the radioactive seeds are put into a space where the tumor is located, such as the cervix or windpipe.
The most common type of machine used to deliver external radiation therapy. Sometimes called a “linac.”
Cancer that has spread from one part of the body to another, such as from the breast to the lymph nodes or bones.
A type of antibody that is created in the laboratory.
MR or MRI scan
A magnetic resonance imaging scan is a procedure that uses a magnetic field to create detailed pictures of the body.
Multileaf collimator or MLC
A part of a linear accelerator that is used to shape the radiation beam.
Neutron beam therapy
A specialized type of external beam radiation therapy similar to proton therapy.
Treatment that is intended to relieve symptoms, but not cure disease.
A positron emission tomography scan uses a small dose of a chemical called a radionuclide combined with a sugar, which is injected into the patient. The radionuclide emits positrons. The PET scanner detects the positron emissions given off by the radionuclide.
Proton beam therapy
An external beam therapy that uses protons rather than X-rays to treat tumors.
A doctor who specializes in treating cancer and other diseases with radiation therapy.
The medical specialty that deals with treating cancer and other diseases with radiation
The careful use of various forms of radiation to treat cancer and other diseases.
The use of radiolabeled antibodies to deliver radiation directly to a tumor
Monoclonal antibodies (antibodies produced in a laboratory) that have had a radioactive isotope attached to them in a process called radiolabeling
A type of drug that protects normal tissues in the area being treated
A term used to describe a tumor that does not respond well to radiation therapy.
A type of drug that can make a tumor respond better to radiation therapy.
The process of planning radiation therapy to allow the radiation to be delivered to the intended location.
Systemic radiation therapy
The use of radioactive isotopes that can travel throughout the body to treat certain cancers.
A radiation oncologist’s prescription describing how a patient should be treated with radiation therapy. The radiation oncology team uses sophisticated treatment planning software to maximize radiation to the tumor while sparing healthy tissue.
An abnormal lump or mass of tissue.
American Cancer Society 1-800-ACS-2345 http://www.cancer.org
American Lung Association 1-800-LUNG-USA http://www.lungusa.org
American Society for Therapeutic Radiology & Oncology 1-800-962-7876 http://www.astro.org
Brain Tumor Society 1-800-770-TBTS http://www.tbts.org
Brain Tumor Foundation 212-265-2401 www.braintumorfoundation.org
Candlelighters Childhood Cancer Foundation 1-800-366-2223 http://www.candlelighters.org
Leukemia and Lymphoma Society 1-800-955-4572 www.lls.org
Lung Cancer Alliance 1-800-298-2436 http://www.lungcanceralliance.org
Lymphoma Research Foundation 1-800-500-9976 www.lymphoma.org
Malecare (830) 990-4800 http://www.malecare.org
Melanoma Research Foundation 1-800-673-1290 www.melanoma.org
National Cancer Institute 1-800-422-6237 http://www.cancer.gov
National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship 301-650-9127 http://www.canceradvocacy.org
National Prostate Cancer Coalition 202-463-9455 http://www.pcacoalition.org
Oral Cancer Foundation 949-646-8000 http://www.oralcancerfoundation.org
Ovarian Cancer National Alliance 202-331-1332 https://ocrahope.org/
People Living with Cancer 703-797-1914 http://www.peoplelivingwithcancer.org
Prostate Cancer Foundation 1-800-757-CURE http://www.prostatecancerfoundation.org
Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer 972-855-1600 http://www.komen.org
Thyroid Cancer Survivors' Association 1-877-588-7904 www.thyca.org
Wellness Community (830) 990-4800 https://www.cancersupportcommunity.org/
Us TOO! Prostate Cancer Education and Support 630-795-1002 http://www.ustoo.org/
Y-ME National Breast Cancer Organization 312-986-8338 http://www.y-me.org